Berg, Alban

(1885–1935)
   Along with Arnold Schoenberg and Anton Webern (1883–1945), Berg was a central figure in the socalled Second Vienna School of composition, in which music was constructed in series of tonal rows made up of the 12 half steps of the chromatic scale. He studied with Schoenberg between 1904 and 1910, and the two men became lifelong friends. A perfectionist, Berg did not leave behind a large body of work. Nevertheless, much of what he did was important. His opera Wozzeck (1925) and his violin concerto (1935) have secure places in the modern musical repertory. Berg never broke quite as sharply with classical harmonic patterns as did his mentor. Twelve-tone technique and surging Romanticism are prominent features of both Wozzek and the violin concerto. His other major opera, Lulu, a gritty series of tableaux depicting the range of erotic depravity, is more relentlessly atonal. Unfinished at his death, the third act of the work was realized by the modern Austrian composer Friedrich Cerha (1926–). The first performance of this version of the piece was in 1979. Berg also produced some poetry and was a notable essayist on musical topics.

Historical dictionary of Austria. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Berg, Alban — Alban Berg Büste vor dem Gemeindeamt in Schiefling am See in Kärnten Alban Berg (* 9. Februar 1885 in Wien; † 24. Dezember 1935 ebenda) – am 1. März 1885 in der Pfarrkirche St. Peter auf den Namen Albano Maria Johannes Berg getauft (das ‚o‘ in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Berg,Alban — Berg (bĕrg, bĕrk), Alban. 1885 1935. Austrian composer. A pupil of Arnold Schönberg, he applied an atonal manner to classical forms in works such as the opera Wozzeck (1925) and Violin Concerto (1935). * * * …   Universalium

  • Berg, Alban — ▪ Austrian composer in full  Alban Maria Johannes Berg  born Feb. 9, 1885, Vienna, Austria died Dec. 24, 1935, Vienna  Austrian composer who wrote atonal (atonality) and 12 tone (12 tone music) compositions that remained true to late 19th century …   Universalium

  • Berg, Alban —    See Schoenberg, Arnold …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Berg, Alban — ► (1885 1935) Compositor austríaco, máximo representante del expresionismo musical. Se suelen distinguir tres períodos: el primero (1907 15), de preparación, en el que compuso una sonata para piano (1908), un cuarteto para cuerda, etc. en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Berg, Alban —    см. Берг, Альбан …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • Berg, Alban (Maria Johannes) — born Feb. 9, 1885, Vienna, Austria Hungary died Dec. 24, 1935, Vienna, Austria Austrian composer. He was largely self taught musically until he met Arnold Schoenberg at age 19. This would prove to be the decisive event in his life, and Schoenberg …   Universalium

  • Berg, Alban (Maria Johannes) — (9 feb. 1885, Viena, Austria Hungría–24 dic. 1935, Viena, Austria). Compositor austríaco. Fue un músico principalmente autodidacta hasta que a los 19 años conoció a Arnold Schönberg. Este fue un acontecimiento decisivo en su vida y Schöenberg fue …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alban Berg — (* 9. Februar 1885 in Wien; † 24. Dezember 1935 ebenda) – am 1. März 1885 in der Pfarrkirche St. Peter auf den Namen Albano Maria Johannes Berg getauft (das ‚o‘ in Albano stand nur auf dem Taufschein und tauchte danach nie wieder… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alban Berg — Alban Maria Johannes Berg Nacimiento 9 de febrero de 1885 Viena, Austria, Imperio austrohúngaro …   Wikipedia Español

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